After seedlings take root, natural selection comes into play, with essential guidance from foresters. Remarkably, more than 85% of planted seedlings thrive in reforested areas. Over the next generation, private landowners invest over $400 per acre to enhance the growth of young trees. It often takes three generations of human foresters, practicing sustainable science-based forestry, to manage just one generation of private forest.
Thinning is the process of selectively removing trees in a forest to reduce density and competition, promoting the growth of higher quality trees. Reforested second-growth forests undergo thinning every 10 to 15 years, eliminating weaker trees to provide more space and light for stronger ones, enhancing overall forest health. The removed trees and branches are utilized in paper and pulp-based products. Scientific research confirms that active forest management, such as thinning, can restore ecosystem health, improve habitat quality, and reduce wildfire risk by reducing excess fuels.
Enhancing forest health and minimizing fire risks while supporting rural jobs are bipartisan priorities in Washington. The Washington DNR’s 20-Year Forest Health Strategic Plan outlines how these goals can be achieved.
Through proper herbicide application, private forest landowners can foster the growth of young trees by controlling competing wild vegetation above and below ground and enriching soils with fertilizers. Strict herbicide use requirements ensure the protection of water and soil quality, as well as the habitat of fish, wildlife, and local communities. The forestry practices of WFPA’s members are the result of extensive science-based research, adaptive management, and collaboration.
Insects, diseases, and excessive animal damage pose threats to healthy, sustainable forests. Foliage and root diseases can spread and harm trees. Insects like bark beetles target stressed trees. Extreme temperatures, drought, and high winds can damage large forest areas or create vulnerability to disease and insects. Excessive animal damage can hinder the growth of new forests. Accurate diagnosis and effective management are crucial to protect forests and ensure their future growth.
Achieving healthy forests is a joint effort between the public and landowners. Private landowners actively participate in the State’s Forest Health Technical Advisory Committee, which engages with the public to address concerns about forest health. Legislation will be developed, following a three-tiered approach:
For more information, visit Washington State Wildfires to learn about reducing the risk of catastrophic wildfire.
Learn More About Reducing the Risk of Catastrophic Wildfire